Showing posts with label DRILLING. Show all posts
Showing posts with label DRILLING. Show all posts

Gold Exploration Activities In Newmont Waihi


Geologists Newmont exploring for gold on the coromandel peninsula and the gold fields look for the tale signs of historic volcanic and geothermal. Activity exploration is conducted for define mineral deposits, although it's one of the  first steps towards  developing a mine exploration in an area does not necessarily mean that mining  will follow for every thousand prospects identified only one has the likelihood of becoming an operating mine.

Exploration mine involve geological mapping rock and soil geochemical surveys and geophysical surveys. These surveys provide information on the characteristics of the rocks their history ,strength, magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity and mineral content . These are all parameters which help identify areas of greater prospectivity where more detailed work including exploration drilling may be conducted.

Exploration drilling provides a wide range of information on some surface geology, wine space drilling can often show geologic trends which point to areas of Greater prospectivity. Most of the rigs used in this area a diamond drilling rigs, they use a diamond impregnated drill bits capable of boring through hard rock. The drill bit cuts a circular hole to produce drill core for analysis.

The drill bit has attached to the end of a string of hollow steel rods. The rigs engine spins the drill string as it is pushed into the ground. every three meters a new rod is added, as the drill string is spinning and penetrating the rock the chorus forced into the drill rod, if meet raw so this core is pulled out through the inside of the rods and placed in boxes ready for analysis by geologists.

In this region most holes are drilled to a depth of between 200 and 500 meters and due to the near vertical orientation of the quartz veins the holes must be angled to intersect the veins and maximize the information from the drill core, then taken back to a corset and laid out so geologists can record the rock type from surface to the bottom of the hole.

Drill sites are chosen and controls are in place to ensure that exploration drilling activities minimize the impact to the environment. the consent of landowners and occupies is required for any exploration drilling activities and this is formalized in an access agreement.

Drill rigs come in a wide range of configurations from large truck for track mounted to small skid mounted healthy portable rigs. The type of rig used depends on the location ease of access and depth of hole planned. Water is sourced from local streams or if necessary brought to the site. resource consents from the Regional Council are required to take water from streams.

Drilling fluids are added to the water at the rig, these are used to lubricate the drill bit and flush the rock cuttings out of the hole.  The cuttings that come up out of the hole may look muddy and messy but they're captured in sumps at the drill site, where the rock cuttings settle out and the fluids harmlessly break down over time.

There are no discharges off the site . Drilling activities must also comply with all district and regional council regulations covering a range of potential environmental effects.

When the drilling program is completed the drillers cement up the hole before the rig leaves the site. the sumps are filled and all equipment is removed. the site is rehabilitated to the satisfaction of the landowner

Video Gold Exploration Activities In Newmont Waihi

Drill Testing To Sample Gold Deposits


Test process drilling for gold is an important step in the every prospecting and gold mining industry. Test drilling is a step that is used continuously to obtain samples of bedrock in the land of gold mining project. The sample is then tested to determine whether it is gold in the project area in mining and to estimate the amount of gold that can be mined in the area. 

In the process of drilling testing can produce a variety of results sample, because each gap can occur various kinds of different types of rocks and soils, The process of drilling test is a step that most highly effective to get the test results of rock in the ground in estimating the amount of gold ore deposits in the area which will do the mining.

Drilling is an absolute necessity to assess metal ores prior to the process of exploitation in an extensive mining operation. Drilling can be done for all large-scale mining, before the open pit mine development, or for the assessment of large commercial placer mines. 

Preliminary Prospecting Works In Test Drilling

Before test drilling for gold, there are several steps that can be done early, it is made to prospecting works. Often the area to test can bushes, hard terrain or other obstacles drilled, which may influence the outcome of exploratory drilling. It is important, therefore, it will be handled first.

One step that can be used is by ridding the area which will be conducted test drilling. This can help reduce the amount of land the ground which will done testing on drilling,thus support and make to be effective the test holes are drilled. 

Drill testing

In the process of test drilling in gold mining is intended to determine whether the area has gold potential which can be used for large-scale mining.This is very helpful in determining the amount of gold deposits
and grade gold contained in the soil in the area that will be in mine.

Test drilling can also specify the information that is significant of the general geology of the rock structures that exist in the soil at the prospect area, the geochemical structure and other information from other minerals besides gold deposits existing in the test drilling area 

The pattern of test holes, the distance and the number of test wells is mineral determined by the geometrical alignment of the drill, the geochemical composition of the area and the distribution of the target.

For most in scale test drilling in mining area is often gridded out into small grids that can determine the number of holes to be drilled. Sometimes in the drilling process is done in a manner soil formation such as rifts, ditches, river basins or even valleys. 

In most of the tests for the drilling of gold speed and cost are important factors that are considered by geologists.

If in the process the first step is successful, then to get a drilling method that is more accurate in determining the mineral content of gold or may be in the process of the most extensive can be implemented

Some of the methods most commonly used test holes, you can use includes hand drilling, rotary drilling, percussion drilling and diamond drilling. 

The significance of the test drilling for gold

test drilling is to enhance the importance of prospecting before a mining operation, and drill testing is one of the methods most commonly used for sampling.

Albeit with very expensive, it takes some of the risk and guesswork out of the mining process and an estimate of how much gold there is in the area

The type of drilling specifies the device to be used. 

Hand Drilling

This is carried out in at a little place for little operations. Hand drilling done by using a manual hand, the phase required prior training stage, as sample tubes and augers. These drills can not penetrate bedrock and thus limited in its application entirely.

Variety of hand drilling tools can be used for hand drilling, but hand test can only for little gold mining drilling.The advantage of the hard drilling reduced cost of major methods, and this may be the best method for individual miners who lack the resources for greater exploration.

 Percussion Drilling

This type test drilling where the drilling equipment can be used to enter into the bedrock up to a depth of approximately 10 meters. Percussion drilling is drilling that uses compressed air drilling equipment, this makes lebihh far stronger than using a hand drill.There is also drilling using large air drilling equipment ,which can be used in complex drilling in the mining area.

Rotary Drilling

Rotary drilling is drilling relatively expensive yet very easy to use in a variety of conditions. In the drilling process using a ring and an air compressor in the process of drilling holes to be tested. With the true tools and skilled workers, this type of exploratory drilling takes the least time of all available drills. The drill may obtain samples from between 20 and 100 foot holes. 

Diamond Drilling

This is the most versatile drill testing method that can use. The machines used for this type of drilling gets superior most samples since it can drill deep and at a certain angle and conditions.

In most cases, drills are used herein, can be powered by electric engines, gasoline, diesel, and even air. However, the process can only slow and very expensive in practice and thus it is used only for complex projects that require extensive drilling.

This Video  from Hellix Ventures Inc. - Margarita Gold Drill Program

Drilling In Mines

Drilling is an activity or activities to make the hole using the drill unit in which the hole will be used as a place of laying explosives. Drilling is very influential in determining the outcome of fragmentation to be generated.

Geometry Of The Drilling Include :

  • Diameter Hole Shot
    Diameter of the bullet holes that are too small causing the resulting energy factor will be reduced so as not big enough to unload rocks will explode, if the diameter of the hole is too large, then shoot a hole shot is not enough to produce good fragmentation, especially on the rocks there is lots of stocky with distances at high densities. A small diameter bullet holes also provide fault or destruction of the better on the roof ladder. this corresponds to stemming, where a large fire pit then the length of stemming aka also greater due to avoid vibration and fly rock, whereas if you use a small bullet hole then the length of stemming can be reduced.
  • Shot Hole Depth

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